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Old 31.01.2013, 10:19
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Default The outcome of his (PBUH) mercy is his companions' infighting!

The outcome of his (pbuh) mercy is his companions' infighting!

One of the most famous misunderstandings says: Is the outcome of your prophet's mercy his (pbuh) companions' infighting after his death for the sake of power and the killing of thousands in the Camel and Seffin battles…?! Then they said: answer us about those two sayings:
1 – The correct Bukhari, the book of (belief), Chapter {And if two factions among the believers should fight, then make settlement between the two}, he called them believers, no. 30. Abdulrahman Ibn Al Mubarak said, Hammad Ibn Zaid said, Aioub and Younis said, narrated from Al Hassan, narrated from Al Ahnaf Ibn Qais, he said: I went to help that man, then I met Abu Bakr who asked me: Where are you going? I replied: I'm going to help that man. He told me: Return, I heard the messenger of Allah (pbuh) says: " If two Muslims face each other with their sword, then the killer and the killed one will be in hellfire". I said: O messenger of Allah I can understand that the killer will be in hellfire, but why the killed? He (pbuh) replied: "Because he was intending to kill his friend".
2 – The Correct Muslim, no. 46: Muhammad Ibn Arara said: Shouba narrated from Zubaid, he said: I asked Abo Wael about the cult called (Morje'a), he answered: Abdullah told me that prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said: " Swearing at a Muslim is an immorality, and killing a Muslim is a blasphemy".
Indeed, there was a great infighting between Ali and Mouawia in the Camel and Seffin battles. So, which one of them is a blaspheme and in hellfire…..?!
The reply:
First: The circumstances in which Muslims had infighting after Muhammad's (pbuh) death, signifies his (pbuh) true prophecy. It includes one of his miracles, because he predicted that infighting. Here are some proofs:
1 – He (pbuh) said that the reconciliation will be done by his (pbuh) grandson, Al Hassan Ibn Ali, and that's exactly what happened. It's mentioned in The Correct Bukhari, no. 6576. Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said: " This son is a master, and may Allah, the Almighty make him a reason for a reconciliation between two Muslim groups".
2 – He (pbuh) predicted that Ammar would be killed by the oppressive group. This is mentioned in The Correct Bukhari, no. 2601. Ekrema narrated that Ibn Abbas told him and Ali Ibn Abdullah: "Go to Abu Saeed, and listen to his saying. We went to him while he and his brother were standing next to a wall, when he saw us, he came nearby and sat then said:" we were moving the bricks of the masjed (mosque) wall one by one, and Ammar was moving the bricks two by two. The prophet (pbuh) was walking when he saw him, then he (pbuh) rubbed the dust on his head, and said: " Ammar will be killed by the oppressive group, he's inviting them to the way of Allah, the Almighty, and they're inviting him to the way of hellfire."
Note: Muhammad (pbuh) predicted that turbulence, and it actually happened….
There's an important question: Who told Muhammad (pbuh) about the events that will happen after his (pbuh) death?
The answer: It's Allah, the Almighty. Therefore, Muhammad (pbuh) is the messenger of Allah, the Almighty.
Thus, this is one of his (pbuh) miracles, which doesn't stand in favor of the objectors, as formerly explained.
Second: Muhammad (pbuh) was satisfied with his companions at his (pbuh) death, testified that they're all believers, predicted the turbulence, and didn't say that any of them would be in hellfire, but said that they're all real Muslims. Here are the proofs:
1 – The formerly mentioned saying: " This son is a master, and may Allah make him a reason for a reconciliation between two Muslim groups."
Note here: He (pbuh) said: "two Muslim groups", not "two disbelievers groups".
2 – The Holy Quran testifies that they're believers, despite the infighting that occurred among them. Allah, the Almighty, says: {And if two factions among the believers should fight, then make settlement between the two* But if one of them oppresses the other, then fight against the one that oppresses until it returns to the ordinance of Allah. And if it returns, then make settlement between them in justice and act justly. Indeed, Allah loves those who act justly} (The Dwelings: 9)
Notice here : " And if two factions among the believers should fight". Allah, the Almighty, testifies that they're believers…..
3 – Muhammad (pbuh) said: "If two Muslims face each other with swords, then the killer and the killed will be in hellfire", narrated by Al Bukhari.
Therefore, it's not logic to say: the prophet's (pbuh) companions had a great infighting, then which of them is a disbeliever and will be in hellfire….?!
Third: the companions' infighting wasn't for a secular target, such as: caliphate, racism, chiefdom, or enthusiasm. On the contrary, it was diligence, searching for truth, taking vendetta for the killing of Othman,( the Muslim Caliph who was killed by the hypocrites and the Jews). That's why, the infighting doesn't make any of Muhammad's (pbuh) companions a disbeliever, like Ali or Mouawia - May Allah be satisfied with them. Their infighting was to take revenge for the killing Othman, the commander of the believers.
It's useful for the objectors- if they can read and have the correct methodology in searching- to read history books in order to be sure from that issue…
In consequence, this misunderstanding isn't logic, as formerly explained.
Fourth: Before believing in this misunderstanding, the objectors should have known that there are two kinds of disbelief:
A major disbelief: which leads a person to getting out of Islam.
A minor disbelief: which doesn't lead a person to getting out of Islam. It's no doubt a great sin, and its doer will be under Allah's, the Almighty, word. Allah will either torment him or pardon him.
It's obvious from Muhammad's saying : " Swearing a Muslim is an immorality, and killing him is a blasphemy.", that he (pbuh) means the minor disbelief, which doesn't lead its doer to getting out of Islam. It's a major disbelief only in one case, when the killer doesn't believe that killing is a great sin- whether the killed one is a Muslim or non-Muslim. In this case, he gets out of Islam, and if he believes that killing is a great sin, he will be in Allah's word, that he'll be either tormented or pardoned.
Fifth: Any Muslim has to say about this turbulence, like what Allah said: {That was a nation which has passed on. It will have [the consequence of] what it earned, and you will have what you have earned. And you will not be asked about what they used to do} (The Cow: 134)
Omar Ibn Abd El Aziz said as well:" Allah rescued our hands from their blood, so we shouldn't talk about it."
Sixth: If we search in the Bible, we will find that some prophets and saints kill each other for the sake of kingdom or power. One of them killed his brother for the sake of kingdom and power. Of course, we don't believe in this. It's proved in the following:
1 – The infighting between prophet David and Saul: {19 And Saul spoke to Jonathan his son and to all his servants, that they should kill David….} (1 Samuel 19)
2 – Prophet Solomon kills his elder brother (Adonijah), for the sake of the kingdom, because Adonijah was elder, and had the right to govern, so Solomon killed him! We find this in: {23 Then King Solomon swore by the Lord, saying, “God do so to me and more also if this word does not cost Adonijah his life! 24 Now therefore as the Lord lives, who has established me and placed me on the throne of David my father, and who has made me a house, as he promised, Adonijah shall be put to death today.” 25 So King Solomon sent Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and he struck him down, and he died} (1 Kings 2)
Seventh: he who searches in the Church history, will find the massacres that took place among the Christians, and the killing of those who believe in Allah, the only God. Besides, reading in the Council of Ephesus 325 AD, we find that they were talking about the two Words and natures of Jesus. When the owners of the Council divided, they cursed and hit each other by hands, to the extent that one of them had been killed, taking notice to the fact that they were the greatest Christian scholars at that time, and that it was a convocation….!
He who reads the inquisitions, will find it one of the worst bloody Western history chapters towards Muslims. Its excessive bloody nature even included the Christians later, which was committed by clergymen in a try to keep the Christianity after the Muslims relegation from Andalus (Spain). This massacre left, according to some Western historians, more than half a million Muslim victims, the rest were baptized by force, and later a decree was issued to transform all the masjeds (mosques) into churches……!
Finally: the horrible infighting between the Catholics and the Protestant in north Ireland…..!
Besides, the Orthodox said that any sect other than theirs are disbelievers and vice versa.
Thus, the important question here: are these the results of mercy and devotion that Jesus, the Lord, came with to teach the world, according to the objector's beliefs….?! That's it.

Written by: Dr. Akram Hassan Morsi
Translation into English: Professor Islamic translation
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